Glossary p

Palladian architecture

Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from the designs of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580). more..


Patina is a coating of various chemical compounds such as oxides or carbonates formed on the surface of metal during exposure to weathering. more..


A pebble is a clast of rock with a particle size of 4 to 64 millimeters based on the Krumbein phi scale of sedimentology. more..


A pediment is a [assical architecture|classical architectural]] element consisting of the triangular section found above the horizontal structure (entablature), typically supported by columns. more..


Peridot (pronounced "pair-i-dot" or "pair-i-doe", IPA: /p???d?t/ or Fr. /pe?ido/) is the gem quality variety of forsteritic olivine. more..

Persian architecture

One of the first civilizations that Islam came into contact with during and after its birth was that of Persia. more..

Persian calligraphy

Persian calligraphy is the calligraphy of Persian writing system. more..

Persian Empire

The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and beyond in Western Asia, Central Asia and the Caucasus. more..


Phoenicia was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon and Syria. more..


A piazza is an open square in a city, found in Italy, and also in some other places on the Dalmatian coast and in surrounding regions. more..

Pietre dure

Pietre dure (or Parchin kari, in south Asia) is an art-historical term for the technique of using small, exquisitely cut and fitted, highly-polished colored stones to create what amounts to a painting in stone. more..


A pigment is a material that changes the color of light it reflects as the result of selective color absorption. more..


A pilaster, as used in architecture, is a slightly-projecting column built into or onto a wall. more..


Plateresque refers to the 15th and 16th century art form in Spain, characterized by an ornate style of architecture. more..


A plinth is the base of a cabinet in cabinet making. more..


A porch is a platform structure attached at the front or back entrance of a building. more..


A portico is a porch that is leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. more..

Post and lintel

Post and lintel (also called an Architrave) is a simple construction technique, also called "post and beam", where a horizontal member (the lintel) is supported by two vertical posts at either end. more..


A Propylaea, Propylea or Propylaia (in Greek) is any monumental gateway based on the original Propylaea that serves as the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. more..

Pygmalion (mythology)

Pygmalion is a legendary figure found in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Pygmalion is a sculptor who falls in love with a statue he has made. more..


The mineral pyrite, or iron pyrite, is iron sulfide, FeS2. more..

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