Glossary m


Malachite is a carbonate mineral, copper(II) carbonate hydroxide Cu2CO3(OH)2. more..

Mamluk architecture

The reign of the Mamluks (1250-1517 AD) marked a breathtaking flowering of Islamic art which is most visible in old Cairo. more..


Marble is a nonfoliated metamorphic rock resulting from the metamorphism of limestone, composed mostly of calcite (a crystalline form of calcium carbonate, CaCO3). more..

Marble sculpture

Marble sculpture is the art of creating three-dimensional forms from marble. more..


Mashrabiya, Shanashil is the Arabic term given to a type of projecting oriel window enclosed with carved wood latticework located on the second storey of a building or higher, often lined with stained glass. more..


In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily loses electrons to form positive ions (cations) and has metallic bonds between metal atoms. more..

Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as "the Met", is one of the world's largest and most important art museums. more..


The mica group of sheet silicate minerals includes several closely related materials having highly perfect basal cleavage. more..

Micro mosaic

Micro mosaics are a special form of the mosaic arts that utilize unusually small mosaic components to craft what often are extraordinarily complex and detailed patterns or images. more..


A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition, a highly ordered atomic structure and specific physical properties. more..

Modern Islamic architecture

Modern Islamic architecture has recently been taken on to a whole new level with such buildings being erected such as the Burj Dubai, which is soon to be the world's tallest building. more..

Modern mosaics

A modern example of mosaic is the Museum of Natural History station of the New York Subway. more..

Monolithic architecture

Monolithic architecture is a style of construction in which a building is carved, cast or excavated from a single piece of material. more..

Moorish architecture

Construction of the Great Mosque at Cordoba (now a Christian Cathedral) beginning in 785 AD marks the beginning of Islamic architecture in the Iberian peninsula and North Africa (see Moors). more..

Moroccan style

Moroccan style is a new trend in decoration. more..


Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. more..

Mosaics - Medieveal Rome

Christian mosaic art also flourished in Late Antique and medieval Rome. more..

Mosaics - Western and Central Europe

Beyond the Alpes the first important example of mosaic art was the decoration of the Palatine Chapel in Aachen, commissioned by Charlemagne. more..

Moss agate

Moss agate (also called mocha stone) is a semi-precious gemstone formed from silicon dioxide. more..

Mother of Pearl

Mother of pearl, also known as Nacre , is an organic-inorganic composite material produced by some mollusks. more..

Mughal architecture

Mughal architecture is the distinctive style of Islamic, Persian and Indian architecture. more..

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