Glossary c


Calligraphy is the art of beautiful writing. A contemporary definition of calligraphic practice is "the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious and skillful manner". more..


Caltagirone is a town and comune in the province of Catania, on the island (and region) of Sicily, about 70 km southwest of Catania. more..


Carthage refers both to an ancient city in Tunisia and to the civilization that developed within the city's sphere of influence. more..

Ceramic glaze

A glaze is a specialised form of glass and therefore can be described as an amorphous solid. more..

Chemtou - City of Marble Mountain

Chemtou or Chimtou is an antique site in northwestern Tunisia. more..


Chinoiserie refers to a recurring theme in European artistic styles since the seventeenth century, which reflects Chinese art and is characterized by the use of fanciful imagery of an imaginary China, by asymmetry in format and whimsical contrasts of scale, and by the attempts to imitate Chinese porcelain and the use of lacquerlike materials and decoration. more..


Chrysocolla (hydrated copper silicate) is a mineral, (Cu,Al)2H2Si2O5(OH)4•nH2O. more..


The Roman Circus, the theatre and the amphitheatre were the most important buildings in the cities for public entertainment in the Roman Empire. more..


Citrine, also called citrine quartz is variety of quartz. more..


A coffer (plural: coffering) in architecture, is a sunken panel in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon that serves as a decorative device, usually in a ceiling or vault. more..


In classical architecture, a colonnade denotes a long sequence of columns joined by their entablature, often free-standing, as in the famous elliptically curving colonnades that Bernini added to the facade of Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome, which embrace and define the Piazza. more..


A column in architecture and structural engineering is a vertical structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below. more..


Copper is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Cu (Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. more..

Corinthian order

The Corinthian order (named after the city Corinth, or Korinth) is one of the Classical orders of Greek and Roman architecture, characterized by a slender fluted column and an ornate capital decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls. more..


The term cornice comes from Italian cornice, meaning "ledge." more..


Cosmatesque style is a style of floor making typical of Medieval era Italy, and especially of Rome and its surroundings. more..


The Cosmati were a Roman family, seven members of which, for four generations, were skilful architects, sculptors and workers in mosaic. more..


The Cotswolds is a range of hills in west-central England, sometimes called the "Heart of England", an area 25 miles (40 km) across and 90 miles (145 km) long. more..

Crow-stepped gable

A Crow-stepped gable is a stair-step type of design at the top of the triangular gable-end of a building. more..


In Ancient Roman architecture a cryptoporticus (from Latin crypta and porticus) is a covered corridor or passageway. more..


In architecture, a cupola consists of a dome-shaped or quadrilateral-shaped ornamental structure located on top of a larger roof or dome, often used as a lookout or to admit light and provide ventilation. more..


Cupronickel is an alloy of copper, nickel and strengthening impurities, such as iron and manganese. more..

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